Perceived Effects of Lead Recycling to Selected Communities in Bulacan, Philippines

  • Journal of Environmental Science and Management
  • Emilia Visco
  • Jennifer Amparo
  • Ma. Emilinda Mendoza
  • Carla Jimena
  • Devralin Lagos
  • Rochelle Dumalanta


The province of Bulacan, Philippines is considered as the biggest producer of used lead acid battery (ULAB) in the country and in Southeast Asia. But with the boom of the ULAB industry, a continued concern on the industry’s effect to human health and the environment intensifies. The study was conducted in two municipalities of Bulacan, Philippines to determine the perception of the respondents on the effects of lead recycling to their health and their community. These two areas are where ULAB industry is concentrated. Data were gathered from primary and secondary sources. Interview schedule using a structured interview guide and key informant interview were used. The respondents believed that there are toxic and hazardous substances used in lead recycling that contributed to their health problems and environmental pollution. Identified pathways of pollution include air, soil and water. But while they are aware of the health and environmental risks this industry brings, they also recognized its economic contribution to their families and their respective communities. The complexity of the problem continues to pose a challenge that needs to be addressed soon to balance economic prosperity and the communities’ welfare.

Key words: Perceived effects; used lead acid battery recycling; and human and environmental health