Damage Assessment and Recovery Monitoring of the Mangrove Forests in Calauit Island Affected by Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan)

  • Journal of Environmental Science and Management
  • Pastor Malabrigo, Jr. Department of Forest Biological Sciences, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna
  • Arthur Glenn Umali
  • Enrico Replan
Keywords: mangroves, Calauit island, typhoon Yolanda


Calauit island is one of the islands in the Calamian Group of Islands in northern Palawan. The island is truly blessed with bountiful mangrove resources which provide the Tagbanuas enormous economic and ecological importance. Not known to many, Calauit island became the exit point of typhoon Yolanda causing tremendous damage to mangrove area. The study assessed the extent of damage and the recovery potential of Calauit mangrove forests from the devastation of Typhoon Yolanda. Ten sampling quadrats were established in areas where trees were observed to be 100% defoliated. Individual trees (≥ 1cm diameter) inside each quadrat were measured and evaluated based on the assessment matrix developed in this study. Results of our assessment revealed serious damage of mangroves in Calauit island. About 60% of the mangrove forests was severely affected by Typhoon Yolanda. Eight months after the typhoon, 21% of the trees have fully-recovered crown (all branches were able to develop leaves), 70% are still defoliated and 22% were already dead. Four of the 10 quadrats showed high potential for recovery as evidenced by a lot of seedlings (≥ 25 seedlings) to serve as new regenerations. Conversely, there are four quadrats without any seedling recorded. Three monitoring plots were established for continuous monitoring of the recovery of the mangrove ecosystems. A course of actions was recommended to facilitate the recovery of mangroves in Caluit island, and to bring back the economic benefits from the forest.