Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Solid Waste Management Among Households in the Urban Communities of Butuan City, Philippines

  • Journal of Environmental Science and Management
  • Evaristo Niño T. Cando, III SESAM-UPLB



 Urban agglomeration in Butuan City led to issues on solid waste management (SWM) due to institutional incapacities such as operational inefficiencies, lack of skilled manpower, inadequate equipment and facilities, weak law enforcement, and insufficient funding. The socioeconomic profile and effectiveness of SWM programs were assessed and evaluated through a survey questionnaire. A two-stage random sampling at 95% level of confidence was employed to determine the sample size (n=427) and a 5-point Likert scale was used to measure the knowledge, attitude, and practices towards SWM. Key informant interviews and focused group discussions were also conducted. On the average, respondents showed very high SWM knowledge (3.80) and attitude (4.52) which was attributed to high educational attainment and income. Majority practice waste segregation (97.9%), reusing (83.8%), recycling (70.4%) and composting (61.3%). However, respondents had low knowledge on the location (35.6%), functionality (33.7%), and utilization (51.3%) of the materials recovery facilities, an indication of non-compliance by local government units to SWM laws and policies. A significant number of respondents do not practice composting (38.7%) due to lack of facilities and available space. Clustered materials recovery and composting facilities, and adjustments on waste collection, storage, and disposal systems must be established and implemented. Incentive programs, awareness campaigns, and public participation are key elements of an efficient SWM system.

Keywords: Urban, solid waste management, knowledge, attitude, practice, Butuan