Allelopathic Effects of Three Intertidal Marine Macrophytes on the Growth of Nanochlorum sp.

  • Journal of Environmental Science and Management
  • Dominic Franco Belleza
  • Ethel Wagas
  • Jemma Lucitte Aaron
  • Rex Samuel Abao Jr.
  • Danilo Dy
Keywords: Gracilaria salicornia, Chaetomorpha linum, Sargassum polycystum, reef flat, phytoplankton control, Mactan Island

Abstract

Benthic marine macrophytes produce secondary metabolites which whenreleased to the environment could potentially influence the immediate surroundings to the detriment of their competitors (i.e., other species of algae or phytoplankton). The response of the phytoplankton, Nanochlorum sp. to crude extracts (1% and 4% concentration) of the intertidal macrophytes Gracilaria salicornia, Chaetomorpha linum and Sargassum polycystum was investigated. On the average, there was a significant decrease (40-61% decrease at 4% conc. and 11-40% decrease at 1% conc.) in cell densities three days after the addition of the extracts relative to the control. Crude extracts of some common intertidal macrophytes may contain allelochemicals that could inhibit the growth of phytoplankton. The potential applications of these allelopathic effects in controlling phytoplankton blooms in small ponds and tanks have been suggested and needs further investigation.

Published
2019-09-20
Section
Articles